Sikhuluma ngomfutho wegazi ophakeme, usawoti kanye ne-potassium

Esinye sezici ezivame kakhulu eziholela esifo senhliziyo umfutho wegazi ophakeme. Isici okungakhulunywa kakhulu ngaso kodwa esibaluleke kakhulu empilweni yethu. Umfutho wegazi ophakeme une- indima ebalulekile ekufeni nasekukhubazekeni kwabantu emhlabeni jikelele. 

Manje ... Kungani kwenzeka umfutho wegazi ophakeme? Singakugwema kanjani ukuhlupheka noma ukuthuthuka uma sesivele sinakho? Kulesi sihloko sizocacisa le mibuzo futhi sazi kangcono lesi sifo.

Kuyini umfutho wegazi ophezulu? Izimbangela.

Kuyinto a umfutho wegazi ophakeme oqhubekayo emithanjeni ehlelekile. Ukuphakama kwengcindezi (inani layo elijwayelekile lingu-115/75 mmHg), iba sengozini enkulu yokuhlushwa ezinye izifo.

Namuhla, emiphakathini eminingi, amazinga egazi akhuphuka ngokuya ngeminyaka, kungakhathalekile ubulili.

La Isizathu esivame kakhulu somfutho wegazi ophakeme yilapho i-sodium, i-chlorine, ne-potassium ziguqulwa futhi zibola.

Usawoti wenziwe nge-sodium ne-chlorine, kokubili kuhlangene ne-potassium kubalulekile ekulawuleni umfutho wegazi ophezulu. Lezi ezintathu zihlobene komunye nomunye ngokwenza imisebenzi yazo kumaseli omzimba wethu. Kungenzeka ukuthi uzwile ngalawa amaminerali njengama-electrolyte.

I-Sodium, i-Potassium ne-Chlorine

I-Potassium itholakala kaningi ngaphakathi kweseli ngenkathi i-sodium ingaphandle. Lapho i-sodium ingena esitokisini, amaqabunga e-potassium, lapho i-sodium ishiya iseli futhi, i-potassium iphinda ingene. Lokhu yilokho okwaziwa njengephampu ye-sodium-potassium, inhloso yayo ukuthi i-potassium ihlala ngaphakathi kwamaseli kanye ne-sodium ngaphandle.

Lezi zimaminerali ezintathu zikhona kubalulekile ekuhanjisweni komzimba. i-potassium idonsa ingaphakathi lamaseli ne-sodium ne-chlorine ngaphandle.

Lapho sisebenzisa ukudla neziphuzo ezinamanzi, kuya emathunjini ethu, kusuka lapho kuya egazini nasegazini kuya kumaseli. Ngenxa yalokhu, usawoti kufanele anike igazi lethu noketshezi olungaphandle kwamangqamuzana ukuze i-potassium ikwazi ukunisela amaseli angaphakathi.

Lesi yisizathu esenza ingilazi yamanzi izothuthuka ngokwengeziwe uma sifaka ingcosana kasawoti kanye nolamula omncane, onothe nge-potassium.

Ubudlelwano phakathi kwalezi zimaminerali ezintathu nomfutho wegazi

Gwema ukucindezeleka

Uma udla usawoti omningi ne-potassium encane, sifaka ingaphandle lamaseli amanzi kepha hhayi ingaphakathi, ngakho-ke amangqamuzana ethu angaphelelwa amanzi emzimbeni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-potassium idlala indima ebalulekile ekuqedeni usawoti oweqile ngomchamo.

Uma singaqedi usawoti oweqile, amanzi asegazini ayanda futhi afaka ingcindezi ezindongeni zemithambo yegazi. 

Lokhu kungaholela ku- uketshezi olungaphandle kwamangqamuzana luyakha ezingxenyeni ezithile zomzimba futhi lubangele ukuvuvukala ebusweni, ezandleni noma emilenzeni, isibonelo.

Le ngcindezi efanayo edalulwayo izosiza usawoti oweqile ukuthi uqedwe emchameni nengcindezi yegazi ibuyele kokujwayelekile. Kodwa-ke, isikhathi sengcindezi esenzeka ngaphambi kwalokhu kususwa sesivele siyingcuphe yesifo senhliziyo.

I-potassium nosawoti ngokulinganisela kuyisici esiyisisekelo

Ngakho-ke, ukugcina umfutho wegazi ozinzile kufanele sigcine ibhalansi phakathi kukasawoti ne-potassium. Usawoti kulula ukuwagcina ngoba umzimba wethu uwufuna ngokufisa. Ngakho-ke, kufanele sinake ngokukhethekile i-potassium.

Kumele sikhumbule ukuthi kubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi lawa amaminerali alinganiswe ngokulinganayo, kunokuzuza inani elinconyiwe losuku ngalunye lwawo. Manje ... sikuthola kanjani?

Ungayifeza kanjani ibhalansi phakathi kwe-potassium nosawoti?

Into esemqoka ukuthi uqaphele ikakhulukazi ngokudla esikudlayo, ngoba okuningi (ikakhulukazi okusetshenzisiwe) kunosawoti omningi. Nciphisa lezi zinhlobo zokudla.

Amabanga kasawoti ne-potassium lokho kufanele sisebenzise ibanga lansuku zonke:

  • I-Potassium: phakathi kuka-2300 mg kwabesifazane kanye nama-3400 mg emadodeni
  • I-Sodium: phakathi kuka-1500 - 2300 mg

Lawa mazinga asungulelwa labo bantu abangawenzi umsebenzi ophakeme osukwini lwabo nosuku. Khumbula ukuthi ngokujuluka silahlekelwa yi-electrolyte kanye ne-hydration kumele kube ngaphezulu ukuyishintsha.

Abanye Izici ezitholakala ukufeza amazinga e-potassium anele yilezi: 

  • Izithelo aqukethe cishe i-100 - 500 mg ye-potassium nge-100 g yokudla.
  • Imifino aqukethe phakathi kuka-200 - 1000 mg we-potassium nge-100 g yokudla.
  • Inyama entsha Ziwumthombo omuhle kakhulu we-potassium kepha uma ziphekiwe zilahlekelwa ujusi wazo, okuyilapho kutholakala khona le minerali. Ngakho-ke uma ungasebenzisa la majusi ukwenza isoso noma isitshulu futhi ube nawo wonke umnikelo wokudla wenyama.
  • Amafutha aphansi nge-potassium.

Ngakho-ke, udle izithelo nemifino, izilimo eziyizigaxa ezicebile ngesitashi, nazo ziyadla amaprotheni anciphile nosawoti ekudleni kwakho ngaphandle kokweqisa. Nciphisa amafutha nezinhlamvu, gwema ushukela nemikhiqizo elungisiwe. 

Ukudla okunempilo

Ziyini izingozi zezempilo zokuba nomfutho wegazi ophakeme?

  • Isifo senhliziyo.
  • Unhlangothi
  • I-infarction ye-myocardial.
  • Ukwehluleka kwenhliziyo.
  • I-Atrial fibrillation kanye nesifo semithambo eseceleni.
  • Isifo sezinso esingalapheki
  • Ukukhubazeka kwengqondo

Ukhumbula ukuthi yonke le yimiphumela etholakala ngokuhlushwa umfutho wegazi ophezulu, akumangazi ukuthi sibhekene nomthelela omkhulu wamaphesenti abalulekile okufa nokukhubazeka.

Ngazi kanjani ukuthi ngishoda kunoma imuphi amaminerali?

Uma umzimba wethu uphansi nge-potassium sizobonisa lezi zimpawu ezilandelayo:

  • Umfutho wegazi ophezulu
  • Ukugcinwa kwamanzi nokuvuvukala
  • Ukulahleka kwamathambo
  • Amatshe ezinso
  • Ukukhathala, ubuthakathaka, kanye namajaqamba
  • Ukuqunjelwa
  • Ubuhlungu besisu

Uma sidinga i-sodium engaphezulu sizokwethula lezi zimpawu ezilandelayo (lezi zokugcina kuphela ezimweni ezinzima):

  • Umfutho wegazi ophansi (kufaka phakathi isiyezi lapho umile)
  • Ukukhathala, ubuthakathaka
  • Isizungu
  • uhudo
  • Ukugaya kabi
  • Ubuhlungu bekhanda
  • Isicanucanu, ukuhlanza
  • Amajaqamba emisipha
  • Ukudideka nokuquleka

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.