Zi-5 ezintsha zokuhlela ukonwabela imibongo

Iincwadi zemibongo

Zininzi Iindaba zokuhlela veki nganye kwaye asikwazi ukufikelela kuzo zonke. Kodwa njengokuba kwiiveki ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo sicebise ukuba iincwadi zamabali zifundwe ngokurhabula, namhlanje senza okufanayo ngohlobo esingenabuganga ngalo sonke, isihobe, sidibanisa izinto ezintsha ezintlanu. Qaphela!

Baxelela imfazwe. Iimbongi zaseSpain kunye neMfazwe yamakhaya

  • Ababhali abaliqela
  • Renaissance Publishing House
  • Ushicilelo lweReyes Vila-Belda

Olu qulunqo longeza kwiinzame zokubuyisela uninzi Ababhali baseSpain abalityelweyo benkulungwane yama-XNUMX. Idibanisa ukhetho lwemibongo malunga nemfazwe kunye nemiphumo yayo ngeembongi ezingamashumi amabini anesine, ezifana no-Ángela Figuera, uCarmen Conde, uGloria Fuertes okanye uMaría Beneyto owasala eSpeyin, kunye noRosa Chacel, uConcha Méndez, uErnestina de Champourcin okanye uConcha. Zardoya phakathi kwabanye, abathi baye ekuthinjweni. Bonke baqhekeka kwingcamango yooyise yokuba ukubhala ngemfazwe ngumcimbi wamadoda, nangona amagama neendinyana zabo zazisoloko zivaliwe. Ubomi babo bachatshazelwa kukujongana ngezikhondo zamehlo kunye namava abo achazwa ngumothuko: baphulukene nabantu ababathandayo, babona ukudutyulwa kunye nokuqhunyiswa kweebhombu, babandezeleka kukunqongophala, ukuphela kwesiquphe sobuntwana okanye ukufikisa, okanye ukwahlukana nelizwe labo. Ebudeni bexesha lasemva kwemfazwe, iindinyana ezininzi zahlolisiswa okanye kwathabatha ixesha ukushicilelwa. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, imibongo eyapapashwa kwiminyaka emininzi kamva ifakiwe. Ekugqibeleni, ukuchacha kwamva nje kweenkumbulo zembali kuye kwaphefumlela imbongi ethile ukuba ibhale ngalo mbandela. Iivesi zazo zonke ziyinxalenye yenkumbulo edibeneyo yesizwe.

Kanye phezu kwevesi (imibongo ehlaziyiweyo yentsomi)

  • Ababhali abaliqela
  • Iincwadi zaseNordica
  • Ukhetho kunye noguqulelo nguLawrence Schimel

Kanye phezu kwevesi siphinde sijonge iintsomi zakudala ukusuka kwisandla sezinye zeembongi ezibalaseleyo zeXNUMX kunye ne-XNUMXst yenkulungwane. Iintsomi ezifana neCinderella, iHood yokukhwela eBomvu encinci kunye neRapunzel. Kolu hlelo, sikhethe abazobi abasebenze noNórdica kule minyaka ilishumi elinesihlanu ikhona ukuze baxoxe ngemizobo ngemibongo ekwivolumu emangalisayo ekwangumzekelo wengqikelelo yencwadi enemifanekiso esinayo kwindlu yopapasho. Phakathi kwabanye abenzi bemifanekiso kunye nababonisa imifanekiso, uya kufumana u-Ester García, u-Iban Barrenetxea, uFernando Vicente, uNoemí Villanueva okanye uCarmen Bueno.

Iincwadi zemibongo

Ukukhanya / Ingca

  • Inger Christensen
  • UHlelo loMgangatho weSithandathu
  • Inguqulelo kaDaniel Sancosmed Masía
  • Uhlelo lweelwimi ezimbini

ULuz (1962) noHierba (1963) bobabini Iincwadi zokuqala zemibongo zikaInger Christensen. Zabhalwa yimbongi eyayingekabi namashumi amathathu eminyaka ubudala, ukanti ingeyomisebenzi yobutsha. Kuzo sele kukho imixholo kunye neendlela ezifunayo kunye novavanyo oluya kuqhutywa kuyo yonke imveliso yakhe, kwaye oko kuya kumenza enye yeembongi ezinkulu zaseYurophu zenkulungwane yama-XNUMX: ukuchongwa okuphantse ukuba yi-pantheistic kunye neendawo kunye nendalo yasendle. Dominikha; umnqweno wokufumana, ngaphantsi kwegrama eqhelekileyo, ulwimi olupheleleyo olukwazi ukunxibelelana nabantu bonke, eziphilayo nezingaphiliyo, ezibonakalayo nezingabonakaliyo, ezihlala ehlabathini; kunye nemfuneko yokumanyanisa umculo, imibongo, ubugcisa obubonwayo, nemathematika zibe yinto enye. Ngenxa yokuba kule ncwadi ubukho beemilo, imibala kunye nemivimbo ye-Chagall, i-Picasso, i-Pollock okanye i-Jorn, abadwebi abathandayo kunye nabakha inxalenye yengcamango yakhe, ihlala njalo. Kodwa kunjalo nomculo, ukusuka kwinkonzo yenkonzo ukuya kwizandi zobomi bemihla ngemihla. Ukubaluleka komculo kubaluleke kakhulu kangangokuba, kwiingxelo zakhe zokuqala, uChristensen wacula eminye yale mibongo ehamba nomculo we-avant-garde.

Emva kokuntsonkotha okubonakalayo kweLuz y Hierba, kulele impembelelo yokuqala ekhokela imbongi nganye, wonke umntu: ukuguqulwa kwehlabathi; ukupheliswa kwemida, ngokwasemzimbeni nangokwengqondo, esahlulayo kwabanye; ukuveliswa kolwimi olutsha oluya kuthi luthomalalise intlungu yethu luze lusilungelelanise nokonakala kwexesha.

Isihobe esibalulekileyo

  • UMircea Cărtărescu
  • Umqobo woHlelo
  • Ukuguqulelwa kunye nokuhlelwa nguMarian Ochoa de Eribe kunye no-Eta Hrubaru

UCărtărescu, phambi kombalisi wamabali oyincutshe esimaziyo, wayeyimbongi eselula. Ilungu leqela lababhali abavukeli Eyaziwa ngokuba yi "blue jeans generation," imibongo yayithetha indlela ekhethekileyo yokujonga izinto kuye. Inambuzane, ibhulorho okanye i-equation yemathematika; ibinzana elivela kuPlato okanye umgaqo webhayoloji; uncumo okanye ikoan yeZen Buddhism: yayiyimibongo yonke. UCărtărescu wabhala amakhulu emibongo ngexesha lobutsha bakhe. «Sasidla isonka ngemibongo. Ihlabathi lethu lalibuhlungu, kodwa lalikwangubuhle. Kwaye yonke into entle nefanelekileyo yimbongo. " Kodwa kwafika imini, xa wayeneminyaka engamashumi amathathu ubudala, xa wagqiba ekubeni angaze abhale enye indinyana ebomini bakhe. Nangona kunjalo, uCărtărescu akazange ayeke ukuba yimbongi kwaye ilifa lakhe lihleli.

Kuqokelelwe imibongo

  • Nceba Bonnett
  • I-Lumen yokuhlela

Lo mqulu udibanisa okokuqala yonke imibongo kaPiedad Bonnett, umsebenzi owaqalwa ngo-1989 ngokuvela kukaDe circulo y ceniza noye waba namaxesha anethamsanqa anjengoMsonto weeNtsuku (1995), iTretas del weak (2004) kunye ne-Explanciones no requested (2011), elona xesha lakhe lakutshanje. iincwadi zemibongo kunye nophumelele iBhaso leCasa de América lika-2011 leMibongo yaseMelika.

 


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