Chii chinonzi congenital zvirwere

congenital zvirwere

Congenital zvirwere ndizvo zviripo kubva pakuzvarwa kwomwana, zvichikonzerwa nekusagadzikana kwakaitika panguva yekukura kwe "fetus". Aya anomalies anogona kukanganisa nzvimbo dzakasiyana dzemuviri, mungave munhengo dzemukati kana dzekunze dzemuviri, uye zvinogona kunge zviri zvinyoro kana zvirwere zvakakomba zvinokanganisa hupenyu hwemunhu.

Munyaya inotevera tichataura nenzira ine udzame zvirwere zvekuzvarwa, zvikonzero zvavo uye marapirwo azvo.

Zvinokonzera congenital zvirwere

Zvinokonzera congenital zvirwere Vanogona kunge vakasiyana-siyana uye zvinopesvedzerwa nekubatanidzwa kwemajini uye zvakatipoteredza zvinhu:

Majini

Zvirwere zvakawanda zvekuzvarwa nazvo zvinokonzerwa nokuda kwemajini. Zvimwe zvirwere zvekuzvarwa zvinongoda kopi imwe yakashandurwa yejini kuti chirwere chiratidze, nepo vamwe vachizoda nhaka yemakopi maviri akashandurwa ejini, imwe kubva kumubereki wega wega.

Zvakatipoteredza zvinhu

Kuratidzira kune zvimwe zvakatipoteredza panguva yekuzvitakura kunogona kuita kuti mwana ave nechirwere chekuzvarwa. Zvinhu izvi zvinosanganisira utachiona kana utachiona panguva yekuzvitakura pamwe nekunwa doro, zvinodhaka kana fodya, kunze kwekusangana nezvinhu zvine chepfu kana kuve nekushaikwa kwekudya kwakakosha.

Mhando dzezvirwere zvekuzvarwa

Congenital chirwere chemoyo

Kukanganisa kwechimiro chemoyo chiripo kubva pakuzvarwa kwemwana, zvakadai se ventricular septal defect kana coarctation yeaorta.

Kusagadzikana mutsinga

Ndiyo nyaya ye spina bifida, hydrocephalus kana microcephaly.

neural tube defects

Zvinoitika sei ane spina bifida uye anencephaly, iyo inoitika kana fetal neural tube isingavhare zvakanaka panguva yekukura kwe "fetus".

Chromosomal abnormalities

Zvimwe zveizvi anomalies zvingave Down syndrome, Turner syndrome uye Edwards syndrome.

Genetic abnormalities

Como cystic fibrosis, chirwere cheTay-Sachs uye hemophilia.

Muscoskeletal malformations

zvingava zvakadaro yehudyu dysplasia kana clubfoot.

congenital

Nzira yekuongorora zvirwere zvekuberekwa

Kuongororwa kwezvirwere zvekuberekwa kunogona kuitwa mwana asati aberekwa, panguva yekusununguka kana mushure mokuberekwa. Mimwe yebvunzo dzinoshandiswa kuona zvirwere zvekuzvarwa ndeizvi:

  • Panguva yekuzvitakura, ultrasound inogona kuitwa kuti ione kukura kwakakwana kwe fetus uye kuona zvinogoneka.
  • Vanogona kuitwa kuongororwa ropa raamai kuona kumwe kukanganiswa kwemajini mufetus, senge Down syndrome uye spina bifida.
  • Amniocentesis Inosanganisira kutorwa kwemuenzaniso weamniotic fluid inotenderedza mwana asati azvarwa kuti aongorore DNA yefetus uye kuona zvinogona kuitika chromosomal uye genetic anomalies.
  • Mushure mekunge mwana azvarwa, ongororo yekuongorora inogona kuitwa kuti uwane zvimwe zvirwere zvekuzvarwa zvisingakwanisi kuonekwa pakuzvarwa, sechiitiko che cystic fibrosis uye phenylketonuria.

Nzira yekurapa zvirwere zvekuberekwa

Kurapa kwezvirwere zvekuberekwa kuchasiyana zvichienderana nemamiriro avo uye kuoma kwavo. Zvimwe zvirwere zvekuzvarwa hazvidi chero rudzi rwekurapa, nepo vamwe vangangoda kupindira kwekurapa nekukurumidza kudzivirira mamwe matambudziko akakomba kana rufu pacharwo. Nzira dzekurapa dzinonyanya kushandiswa ndedzinotevera:

  • Pane dzimwe nguva, unogona kusarudza kuvhiyiwa kugadzirisa kusakanganiswa kwemaitiro kana kugadzirisa matishu akakuvadzwa.
  • Zvimwe zvirwere zvekuzvarwa zvinogona kurapwa nemishonga kuitira kudzora zviratidzo kana kudzivirira zvinogona kuitika.
  • Kuti ubatsire vana vane zvirwere zvekuberekwa kukudziridza humwe unyanzvi hwemotokari uye hunoshanda, unogona kusarudza kuburikidza nemishonga yemuviri kana yebasa.
  • Kune zvirwere zvakakomba zvekuzvarwa zvisina mushonga, kurapa kunotsigira kunogona kupihwa kuderedza zviratidzo uye kuvandudza hupenyu hwemunhu.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako