Menene aikin tiyata na refractive?

refractive tiyata

Wasu shekaru, mutanen da ke da matsalolin hangen nesa sun sami damar yin amfani da su Refractive tiyata don gyara su da kuma kawar da tabarau ko ruwan tabarau har abada. Tiyata mai jujjuyawa ta ƙunshi ƙungiyar tsoma baki ko dabarun tiyata waɗanda ake gyara ko kawar da wasu matsalolin da ke haifar da canjin gani. Misali, myopia, astigmatism, hyperopia har ma a yau ana iya gyara presbyopia.

Cikakken taimako ga mutanen da suke so, so ko buƙatar daina saka gilashin, ko dai don ƙwararru, wasanni ko kawai dalilai na ado. Domin gilashin kayan ado ne mai kyau, kayan haɗi mai ban sha'awa wanda har ma yana ƙara hali ga fuska, amma ga dukanmu waɗanda dole ne su sa su a kowace rana, ba kome ba ne face tunatarwa cewa ba tare da su ba, mun rasa.

refractive tiyata

Akwai nau'ikan tiyata daban-daban don gyarawa matsalolin hangen nesa. A kowane hali, zai zama ƙwararren wanda ya ƙayyade abin da ya fi dacewa kuma har ma fiye da fasaha za a iya amfani da su a lokaci guda a cikin mutum ɗaya. Na gaba mu gaya muku menene nau'ikan tiyatar refractive, lokacin da ake amfani da su da kuma yadda ake yin dabarar.

Laser refractive tiyata, LASIK ko PKR

Lokacin da aka yi amfani da Laser don gyara sauye-sauyen ido wanda ke haifar da matsalolin hangen nesa, abin da ake nufi shi ne gyara siffar cornea don a iya gyara diopters da ke hana hangen nesa. Siffar na iya bambanta dangane da kammala karatun na kowane majiyyaci, alal misali, lokacin amfani da fasaha na LASIK, ana yin abubuwan da suka biyo baya.

  • Don gyara myopia: abin da ake yi shi ne daidaita lanƙwasa tare da laser, don haka hasken yana mai da hankali daidai a kan cornea.
  • A cikin hali na hyperopia: A wannan yanayin, an tsara gefuna na cornea don ƙirƙirar lanƙwasa.
  • don astigmatism, Abin da ake yi shi ne daidaita yankin tare da mafi girman lanƙwasa na cornea don barin shi a matsayin uniform kamar yadda zai yiwu.

A cikin yanayin da ake kira PKR refractive tiyata, dabara yana kama da haka amma yawanci ya fi ba da haushi ga majiyyaci. Ita ce dabara ta farko da aka yi amfani da ita don gyara matsalolin hangen nesa, don haka a yau an inganta ta sosai don haka ba a yin amfani da ita akai-akai.

Hakanan za'a iya amfani da ruwan tabarau na intraocular

A wasu lokuta, maimakon yin amfani da Laser don gyara cornea da inganta hangen nesa, ana iya dasa ruwan tabarau ko za a iya cire ruwan tabarau, dangane da bukatun kowane mai haƙuri. Wannan ita ce dabarar da aka saba amfani da ita lokacin mai haƙuri yana da ƙarin diopters fiye da izini don yin tiyatar laser refractive. A cikin yanayin shigar da ruwan tabarau, ana kiyaye ruwan tabarau. A wasu lokuta, ana cire ruwan tabarau kuma a dasa ruwan tabarau na aphakic, wanda shine dabarar da ake amfani da ita don cire ido.

Ta yaya zan san ko zan iya yin tiyata?

Don samun damar yin aikin tiyata a cikin yanayin buƙatar gyara lahanin hangen nesa, kamar myopia, astigmatism ko hyperopia, dole ne mai haƙuri ya hadu da wasu sigogi. A gefe guda, kammala karatun dole ne ya tsaya tsayin daka na akalla shekaru biyu. Sauran sigogin aminci waɗanda dole ne ƙwararrun su tantance su a kowane yanayi kuma ana tantance su.

Hanya mafi kyau don warware duk shakkun ku shine zuwa shawarwarin ƙwararrun ƙwararrun ƙwararrun waɗanda zasu iya aiwatar da bita da bayyana zaɓuɓɓukanku. Tun da akwai sigogi da yawa waɗanda aka kimanta a cikin kowane hali, bukatun kowane mai haƙuri da yiwuwar samun sakamakon da ake so na iya bambanta a kowane hali. Bayan haka, Duk da cewa tiyata ce mai aminci, amma ba tare da lahani ba. wanda kuma ya kamata a kimanta. Koyaushe sanya kanku a hannun masu kyau, warware duk shakka. Bar wani lokaci a cikin abin da za ku iya yin tunani kuma ku yanke shawarar lokacin, ta yaya kuma tare da wanda kuke son yin tiyata don kawar da matsalolin hangen nesa har abada.


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