Gano sabbin Geoparks na Duniya na UNESCO guda shida a Turai

Geoparks

A wannan shekara takwas sun shiga Global Geoparks zuwa cibiyar sadarwar da ta kai wurare 177 da aka kiyaye su ta hanyar gadon su a cikin ƙasashe 46. Sabbin tagogi takwas zuwa tarihin duniyarmu waɗanda za su iya zama uzuri don zaɓar inda za a yi tafiya a wannan bazara.

Unesco ta gane da wannan yanayin jiyya tare da a al'adun ƙasa na mahimmancin duniya. Shin kun san cewa a Spain muna da 15? Ko da yake mun yi alkawari za mu yi magana game da wasu daga cikinsu wata rana, a yau hankalinmu yana kan sababbin Geoparks shida da ke Turai.

Menene Global Geopark?

UNESCO Global Geoparks keɓaɓɓu ne yanki na yanki ba tare da dakatarwa ba shimfidar wurare da wuraren da suka dace ana gudanar da harkokin kasa da kasa ne sakamakon cikakken ra'ayi na kariya, ilimi da ci gaba mai dorewa.

Ries da Salpausselkä Global Geoparks

Ries da Salpausselkä Global Geoparks @UNESCO

Sabon Geoparks na Turai

A watan Afrilun da ya gabata ne hukumar kula da ilimi, kimiya da al'adu ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (Unesco) ta nada mutane takwas sabon geoparks na duniya. Kasashe biyu, Luxembourg da Sweden, sun shiga wannan jerin a karon farko tare da nada wuraren shakatawa na farko.

Buzu Land (Romania)

Ana zaune a kudu maso gabashin lankwasa na tsaunin Carpathian, wannan yana ɗaya daga cikin wuraren da ke aiki da yanayin ƙasa a Turai. A cikin shekaru miliyan 40 na tarihin yanayin ƙasa, motsinta na tectonic ya tura tsaunuka kuma ya canza yanayin teku mai zurfi zuwa na ƙasa. A cikin yankin da geopark ya mamaye akwai volcanoes na laka da kuma wasu kogon gishiri mafi tsawo da zurfi a duniya, da kuma burbushin halittun ruwa, ciyayi na duniya, dabbobi masu shayarwa da tsuntsayen da suka yi zamani da kankara na karshe kuma ana kiyaye su cikin yanayi mai kyau.

Kefalonia-Ithaca (Girka)

Rukunin tsibiran na Heptanese waɗanda suka ƙunshi wannan sabon filin shakatawa yana da wadata a ciki geosites na asalin karstic, irinsu kogo, ramukan nutsewa da rafukan da ke ƙarƙashin ƙasa waɗanda ke magana akan tarihin ƙasa wanda ya samo asali fiye da shekaru miliyan 250. Hakanan yana ba da kyawawan abubuwan al'adun gargajiya tare da tarihin tarihi, Hellenistic da ragowar Roman, katangar zamani, gidajen tarihi na Byzantine da bayan-Byzantine da ƙauyukan gargajiya.

Buzău Land da Kefalonia Ithaca Global Geopark

Buzău Land da Kefalonia Ithaca Global Geopark, @UNESCO

Mëllerdall (Luxembourg)

Mëllerdall, yana da fadin murabba'in kilomita 256 da yawan jama'a kusan 25.500, yana tsakiyar tafkin Trier-Luxembourg. Barka da zuwa Luxembourg Sandstone samuwar, daya daga cikin fitattun shimfidar dutsen yashi a Yammacin Turai mai kauri har zuwa mita 100. Ana iya bincikar ta ta hanyar bin ƙaƙƙarfan hanyar sadarwa ta hanyoyin tafiye-tafiye masu kyau, gami da Titin Mullerthal mai tsawon kilomita 112, wanda ya ci lambar yabo ta Jagoran Ingantattun hanyoyin don mafi kyawun hanyar tafiye-tafiye na Turai.

Platåbergens (Sweden)

Tare da fadin murabba'in kilomita 3.690, Platåbergens zuwa yammacin Sweden gida ne ga saitin Duwatsu 15 masu lebur. Duwatsun da aka samu ta hanyar zazzagewa a zamanin ƙanƙara na ƙarshe, shekaru 115.000 da suka wuce. Anan akwai wasu wurare masu ban sha'awa a Sweden da kuma ragowar da gidajen tarihi na ƙasar ke da daraja da kuma shaidar amfani da mazauna yankin da aka yi da dutse fiye da shekaru millennia, kamar kaburbura megalithic ko coci na farko da aka sani. dutse a Sweden.

Mëllerdall da Platåbergens Global Geoparks

Mëllerdall da Platåbergens Global Geoparks @UNESCO

Ries (Jamus)

Kimanin shekaru miliyan 15 da suka wuce, wani meteorite ya yi karo da Duniya inda Ries World Geopark yake a yau, wanda ya haifar da tashin hankali. meteorite tasiri crater (astroblema) mafi kyawun kiyayewa a Turai. Tare da fadin murabba'in kilomita 1.749 da wasu mazauna 162.500, baƙi za su iya bincika kogin Nördlinger Ries. Kuma, ƙari, bi hanyoyin yanayi waɗanda ke haifar da ra'ayoyi masu kyan gani kuma suna ba ku damar koyo game da ilimin ƙasa da tarihin yankin.

Salpausselka (Finland)

Tafkunan dake cikin yankin Lahtim, sun mamaye kusan kashi 21% na yankin wannan filin shakatawa. Waɗannan tafkuna sune tsakiyar sifa na shimfidarsa, tare da dogayen da alama ridges kafa ta laka ajiya ta glaciers. Ridges da ke da nisan kilomita 600 a kudancin Finland. "Su ne shaidu kan sauyin yanayi, musamman ma matasa Dryas, lokacin sanyi wanda ya kasance daga kimanin shekaru 12.900 zuwa 11.600 da suka wuce, wanda ya katse yanayin dumamar yanayi a arewacin kogin a karshen zamanin Pleistocene."

 


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